Sunday, 2 February 2014

The Technology Integration Planning (TIP) Model For Teachers

Technology Integration Planning (TIP) Model  (Roblyer & Doering, 2013)

[Phase 1: Analysis of Learning and Teaching Needs]

  • Determine the relative advantage
  • Assess Tech-PACK

[Phase 2: Planning for Integration]
  • Decide on objectives, assessments
  • Design integration strategies
  • Prepare instructional environment

[Phase 3: Post-Instruction Analysis and Revision]
  • Analyze results
  • Make revision

A Brief History of TPACK

Shulman says pedagogy and content knowledge (PCK) must be considered together.

Hughes add technology to form TPCK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge

Mishra and Koehler articulate the interdependence of content, pedagogy and technology knowledge

TPCK becomes TPACK as Thompson and Mishra say it better represents the interdependence of the three domains and represents the "Total PACKage" of teacher knowledge required for technology integration.

TPACK becomes Tech-PACK as Roblyer and Doering emphasize the critical contribution of technology to teaching.

(Source: Roblyer & Doering (2013))

Approach in Integrating Technology into Teaching

  • Instructional technology methods should be based in both learning theory and teaching practice;
  • Use of technology should match specific teaching and learning needs;
  • Old integration strategies are not necessarily bad; new strategies are not necessarily good; and
  • A combination of technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge is necessary.

Digital Technologies in Education: A Timeline

1950 - 1970s   [Pre-Microcomputer Era]

1977 - 1990s   [Microcomputer Era]

1993 -             [Internet Era]

2005 -             [Mobile Technologies Era]

Perspectives on Educational Technology

Association for Education Communication Technology (AECT)

"Educational Technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".

International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE)

"Educational Technology is the full range of digital hardware and sofware used to support teaching and learning across the curriculum".

Thursday, 20 June 2013



Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) attempts to the nature of knowledge required by teachers for technology integration in their teaching, while addressing the complex, multifaceted and situated nature of teacher knowledge. At the heart of the TPACK framework, is the complex interplay of three primary forms of knowledge: Content (CK), Pedagogy (PK), and Technology (TK). See Figure above. As must be clear, the TPACK framework builds on Shulman’s idea of Pedagogical Content Knowledge.

TPACK in 3 Minutes